Mount Everest is the highest peak on Earth (8,848.86 m (29,032 ft). It is located in the Himalayas, between the Indian and the Eurasian tectonic plates. Mount Everest belongs to the Mahalangur range, which forms the border between Nepal and Tibet. On the Nepal side, Everest is part of the Sagarmatha National Park in the Khumbu region. On the Tibetan side, the Tingri County in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China is home to Everest. The border of the two countries runs across the summit of Mount Everest. Most climbers and trekkers access Everest Base Camp and Mount Everest from the Nepal side by flying into Lukla. From there, they venture out on the trails taking them to the foot of Everest within a few days. To reach Mount Everest from the Tibet side, the trip usually starts in Lhasa.
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Treks and Tours to see Mount Everest
It is possible to reach Mount Everest from Tibet. Nonetheless, most visitors come to see Everest from the more accessible Nepal side. The most famous trek to the foot of Mount Everest is the trek to Everest Base Camp at 5400 meters above sea level. The trek from Lukla to Everest Base Camp and back is about 130 km long and takes around 11 days. Those on a tight schedule can combine their trek with a helicopter tour. That way, it is possible to experience the beauty of the Himalayas in just 7 days. For a longer adventure, trekkers head to Gokyo Lake and Gokyo Ri. Adventure seekers aiming for an even bigger challenge go for the Everest Three Passes Trek. As the name suggests, they cross three passes on their journey: Cho La Pass, Renjo La Pass, and Kongma La Pass.
In which country is Mount Everest located in?
Mount Everest is located in Nepal and in Tibet. In other words, Everest does not belong to one country only. This is why the mountain has different names: In Nepal, it is called “Sagarmatha”, while the Tibetan name is “Qomolangma”. There are two Everest Base Camps: The more popular Base Camp is located in the South on the Nepal side, while the Base Camp on the Northern side is in Tibet. Theoretically, a climber could climb Mount Everest from Nepal and descend into Tibet, or the other way around. Mount Everest belongs to the Mahalangur mountain range of the Himalayas. This mountain range forms the border between Nepal and Tibet. It includes four of the world’s highest peaks: Mount Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho Oyu, all of which are higher than 8000 m.
How long does it take to climb Mount Everest?
In general, an expedition to Mount Everest takes around 2 months. Many climbers arrive at Everest Base Camp in March. That way, they can prepare and wait for the best time to summit. The short window to climb Everest usually starts in the second half of May and only lasts for a few days. An important part of climbing Mount Everest is acclimatization. Therefore, in the weeks ahead of the climb, expedition teams undertake so-called “rotations”. That means teams are ascending and descending to adapt to the altitude. A typical first rotation would be an ascent to Camp 2 with an overnight rest at Camp 1, followed by a descent all the way back to EBC. With every rotation, climbers aim for a higher altitude. The final push to the summit takes around 7 days.
Mount Everest, the world’s highest mountain on the border between Nepal and Tibet, attracts thousands of climbers every year. But the challenge to reach the summit is not to be taken lightly. An expedition to Mount Everest requires excellent fitness, preparation, and planning. In addition, climbers need to take into account high expenses. The total cost of an expedition can vary between 35,000 and 65,000 USD. For trekkers, the Everest Base Camp trek in Nepal is an amazing opportunity to get a glimpse of Mount Everest. At the same time, it is a great way to discover traditional villages, the local flora and fauna, monasteries, and other cultural highlights. The trek is considered to be moderate, but it requires good fitness and the right preparation. That being said, the breathtaking sceneries of the Himalayas set the stage for an incredible adventure and memories that last for a lifetime.