Nepal is a beautiful country closed by India from three sides and China from one. The diverse vegetation and unique topography of Nepal have made it a heaven for nature lovers. From plain Terai to the high Himalayas, Nepal boasts a wide range of landscapes. Nepal is divided into three regions Terai, Hilly, and Mountain.

Terai, the southern lowland plains are part of the northern rim of Indo-Gangetic plain. The climate ranges from subtropical to tropical. Super hot in summer and extremely cold in winter, Terai is the main agricultural area. Hilly region lies between Terai and Mountain regions. Here, you will numerous lush green hills that range from 800 meters to 4,000 meters along with river valleys. The climate in this part of Nepal ranges from sub-tropical to alpine.

And, the Mountain region is situated in the great Himalayan range. The elevation reaches 8,848 meters, which is the highest point in the world. Mt. Everest, the highest mountain in the world is located here along with seven other 8,000 meters above mountains.

The driver geography of Nepal has made it home to some of the wildest and adventurous outdoor sports activities. Either you want to go on high altitude trekking, climb high peaks, scale highest mountains, spend time in nature, experience wilderness, rich culture, or be part of sports activities like mountain biking, paragliding, rafting, bungee jumping, extra, Nepal has got everything.

Climate & Temperature in Nepal

Seasons in Nepal are the opposite of the Australian season and is similar to Europe. The three regions of Nepal Terai, Hilly, and Mountain have different levels of hotness in summer and cold in winter. Summer is super hot in Terai, whereas moderate in Hilly and Mountains. Winter is dry and cold throughout Nepal with the most lower temperature in Mountain. June to September is Monsoon.

Spring (March to May) and Autumn (September to November) is the best time to travel in Nepal. Winter (December to February) drop-down temperature with heavy snowfall in high altitude.

During summer, monsoon, and late spring temperature ranges from 28ºC (83ºF) in the hills to more than 40ºC (104ºF) in the Terai (southern plains). In winter, the average maximum and minimum temperatures in the Terai range from a brisk 7ºC (45ºF) to a mild 23ºC (74ºF). In the Hilly region, the temperature remains moderate in summer and winter (12ºC/54ºF).

Kathmandu Valley has a lovely climate throughout the year. In summer temperature ranges from 67-81°F (19-27°C), whereas in winter temperature ranges between 36 and 68°F (2-20°C).  

Best time to visit Nepal

Spring (March to May) and Autumn (September to November) is the best time to travel in Nepal. The weather is mostly stable and pleasant with neither too hot or too cold. The sky is clear that makes the views exceptional. During Monsoon, the heavy rainfall makes the visibility poor and trail slippery with lots of bugs. You can trek in Winter (December to February), however, get ready to deal with extreme cold.

*Note: Weather is unpredictable, especially in the higher altitudes. Therefore, always add extra days at the end of the trek.

Entering Nepal

By Air

Airways is the major way to enter in Kathmandu. It is the capital of Nepal. Nepal Airlines is the national flight carrier of Nepal with connection to main places around the globe like Shanghai in China, Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia, Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, Delhi & Mumbai in India, Singapore, Osaka, Japan, Bangkok in Thailand, and Hong Kong. Besides Nepal Airlines there are several other airlines from all around the globe that land at Tribhuvan International Airport. Moreover, many airlines are adding a route to Kathmandu as well.

By Land

Being a landlocked country, Nepal shares its three sides with India and China in the north. If you thinking to enter Nepal via roadways, then you have entered through India or Tibet (China). The entry points to Nepal from India are Birgunj, Bhairawa, Kakarbhitta, Nepalgunj, Mahendra Nagar, Dhangadi, and Belhiya. Whereas, the Kodari Pass in Nepal-China border is the entry point to Nepal from China. You have to carry your passports while entering through these border areas. After entering one of the borders, you will find excellent domestic air network and helicopter charter services as well as deluxe tourist coaches.

Passport and Visa Information

Visa is available on arrival at the international airport in Kathmandu and at all land borders. Make sure the land border is open to foreigners and carry your passport and photos. You can pay the visa fee in foreign currency (some crossings insist on payment in US dollars). Your passport should be valid for six months. 

Travel Insurance

Travel insurance is very important to have while traveling in Nepal and especially when you are going on a high altitude journey. Your travel insurance will cover loss, medical bills, theft, and emergency evacuations during adventurous activities. Make sure that your travel insurance also covers flight delays and cancellation so that you can get reimbursed for extra transportation expenses. Here, in Nepal, most of the hospitals have the policy to be paid at the point when the patient reaches the hospital. So, it is more convenient that insurance pays for you, and you can claim it later.

Currency

Nepalese Rupee is the main currency of Nepal. The currency code for Nepalese Rupees is NPR. As per our currency rankings, the most famous Nepali Rupee exchange rat is NPR to the GBP rate.

Banking and Foreign Exchange

You have to pay in foreign exchange to hotels, airlines, and travel agencies. You will find many cash machines or ATMs in cities and accepts cards issued by major international banking networks (Plus, Cirrus, etc). You can withdraw NPR 10,000 in maximum and repeat it. Credit cards like Visa, JCB, Master Card, and American Express are easily accepted at many airlines, hotels, and restaurants. Do know that there is always a transaction fee for processing the cards, which is usually around 4% (American Express fees are considerably higher at around 7%).

Electricity

In Nepal 220-240 volts/50 HZ power is used, and sockets take plugs with three round pins or two round pins. Plugs can be small and large in size. Having a voltage converter and a plug adapter is very important to use your electric appliances in Nepal. Get a universal adapter and converter kit. You can also purchase this in major cities in Nepal, but it will not be available in remote areas.

Voltage fluctuation is common in Nepal, therefore use the adapter with a quality power surge protector. During summer, you can also fae power outage for long hours in a few cities.

Internet

You will find extensive access to the internet in big cities and towns. Hotels, restaurants, and cafes offer free WiFi. The internet speed is also decent in those places. You will also find free WiFi in many areas in Kathmandu, but it is of no use. Rural and high mountain areas do not have a good internet connection. Better to take out a SIM with a good data plan that will help you survive. Also, you will find WiFi in Namche Bazar and a few other villages in the Khumbu region, however, the cost will be super expensive and the speed will not be satisfying.

Local SIM

Ncell, NTC, and Smart Cell are the most popular ones in Nepal. Also, they are quite affordable.

Food

Big cities offer a wide range of cuisines from Continental, Chinese, Thai, Korean, Japanese, Indian, Italian, etc. Dal Bhat with lentil soup and veggies is the most staple food of Nepal. One of the very famous dishes here is momo that you will find in every corner in Nepal. Besides that, you will also get popular Newari dishes to try in Newari restaurants. Nepali people are the food lovers and open to every kind of food, therefore you will have enough options to choose from in Big cities and towns. However, in high altitude, the food option gets limited due to the unavailability of transportation.

Water

You will find mineral water bottles in big cities and towns. the general water bottles are processed water, so if you are highly sensitive to water then make sure to ask for mineral water. Other than this, you will find sparkling water, tonic water, etc in many departmental stores. In higher elevation, you will not find pure drinking water. Teahouse and lodge do offer boiled water, so you can carry a reusable water bottle with yourself. Also, make sure to carry steripen or water purification tablets for extra safety.

Accommodation

Either you are a budget traveler or luxury, Nepal has a wide range of accommodation options. You will find 3-star to 7-star hotels and luxurious resorts. It all depends on your budget. Nepal has several international chain hotels as well. Likewise, you will also have the option to homestay and hostels in major tourist cities. In the higher elevation, you will find the lodge, teahouse, and guest house. the facilities at higher altitudes will be basic.

Safety

Nepal is a pretty safe country to travel for both men and women. People here are helpful and kind. The law and regulations for tourists in Nepal are not so strict, however being the popular destination for traveling Nepal has made a good level of safety for its guests. The environment here is drastically different from developed countries. You will see waste on the road and sanitation is also not very good. Food and water are also different from other countries. Therefore, make sure you have all your general medication and antibiotics with yourself.

Useful Nepali Phrases & Expression

  • English - Nepali
  • Hello: Namaste
  • How are you?: Tapaiilai Kasto Cha?
  • I am fine: Malai Thik Cha
  • Have you eaten? (used often as informal greeting): Khana khannu bhayo?
  • Thank You: Dhanyabaad
  • What is your name?: Tapaiiko naam ke ho?
  • My name is Adam: Mero naam Adam ho
  • Excuse me/ pardon me/ sorry: Maaph garnuhos
  • I don’t understand: Maile bhujhina
  • I understand: Maile bhujhe
  • I hope we meet again: Pheri bhetaunla

10 Facts about Nepal

  • Nepal is home to the world’s highest mountain, Mt. Everest (8,848 m)
  • Buddha was born in Lumbini, Nepal
  • Yeti, the mysterious snowman is believed to roam the mountains of Nepal
  • Nepal has the thickest concentration of World Heritage Sites
  • Momo: A type of dumpling, which is a very popular dish here
  • Nepal has a diverse population with more than 80 ethnic groups and 123 different languages other than the national language- Nepali
  • The map of Nepal and Portugal looks similar when the map of Nepal is turned 90 degrees clockwise
  • Kathmandu is also called as a living cultural museum because there are seven UNESCO’s World Heritage sites inside Kathmandu valley
  • Nepal is the only country, which has a triangular flag with two triangular shapes stacked on one another; the upper triangle consists of the moon, and the lower triangle consists of the sun
  • Kumari, the living goddess of Nepal being worshiped by thousands of Hindus and Buddhists